is one of the oldest cities of Ionia, located north of
away from Kusadasi. The city was on the point where the Buyuk Menderes ("Meander") flew into
the Aegean Sea. Because of the alluviums, Miletos has been remote several times from sea,
which explains that one can see today different harbors.
Miletos was also the city of many scientists and philosophers such as
Hekataios (principle source to Herodotos) and closer to us,
Isidorus, the architect of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. Miletos had its alphabet recognized by the Greek world as the official
Greek alphabet, basis of the current Latin alphabet.
In the Xth BC,
Miletos has been
invaded by Ionians and the city reached its apogee in the VIIth and VIth centuries and
developed in one of the most significant cities of Ionia. In 494 BC, the Tyran (prince -
governor) of Miletos, Aristagoras, started the "Ionia Rebellion"
Persians where they collected some success at first but at the end lost the war. The
Persians demolished the city and sent its habitants to Mesopotamia. In 344 BC, Alexander
the Great invaded the city and had its trade redeveloped.
In 200 BC, Miletos became the dominion of the
Myceneans, fact that is shown by the style of the ceramics in the houses and the city
walls. During the Roman Empire, it became an independent city and later a bishopric at
early Christian times. During the Byzantine period Miletos
was called "Ania". As
of that time, due to geographic and climatic changes, the city
completely lost of its importance
and was to be abandoned.
The most important monuments to be seen at
are: the Bath of Faustina,
the Delphinion (small temple dedicated to Apollo Delphinion,
protector of ships and harbors) and the amphitheater.
to Go?... Miletos
is located 55 km south
of Kusadasi. There is no direct public transportation
from Kusadasi. To reach Miletos; you may take a
daily tour to Didyma - Priene - Miletos from any agency
in Kusadasi or by a private car , alternatively.