located 3 km north of Kusadasi,
Phygale was known as one of the oldest settlements in the
area. Two different points of view arise about the foundation of
Phygale. For some
archeologists, the town was established by the Lelegians who moved from central Anatolia
to the west. On the other hand famous historian Strabon cited that
Agamemnon - King of
Argos, was the establisher of Phygale. According to Strabon, the city of
Phygale was used
as a safety place for curing the wounded soldiers of Agamemnon and for repairing the boats
during the Trojan War. Strabon also mentions about a temple dedicated to the
the Moon, named Mumkia in Phygale.
illness that affected the Agamemnons forces is the main inspiration of the name
Phygale. Years later, the city became a treatment and entertainment
during the reign of Alexander the Great.
By the recent excavations, numerous
remaining and ceramics have been revealed and are displayed in Aydin
Museum. The city
walls, foundation remains of houses and the remains of the harbor may be noticed scarcely
and partially, as the area has not been excavated totally.
How to Go?
Phygale is 3
km north of Kusadasi, on the cape back of "Hotel
Pigale". Sehirici minibuses pass through the site, in every 3 minutes.