Historical Places

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HISTORICAL PLACES
Index
Aphrodisias
Artemision
Belevi Mausoleum
Caravanserail
Cave of Zeus
Cappadocia
Claros
Didyma
Ephesus
Euromos
Heraclea
Hierapolis
Iasos
Isa Bey
Kursunlu
Labranda
Magnesia
Miletos
Neopolis
Notion
Panionion
Pergamum
Phygale
Priene
Saint John
Sardis
Selcuk Castle
Seven Churches
Seven Sleepers
Teos
Virgin Mary

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Kusadasi Guide
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saint john

saintjohn

  
   It is believed that the evangelist St. John had spent his last years in the region around Ephesus and buried in the southern slope of Ayosolug Hill. Three hundred years after the death of Saint Paul, a small chapel was constructed over the grave in the 4th century. The church was changed into a marvelous basilica during the region of Emperor Justinian (527 -565 AD).

   The monumental basilica was in the shape of a cross and was covered with six domes. Its construction, being of stone and brick, is an extremely rare find amongst the architecture of its time. Raised by two steps and covered with marble, the tomb of St John was under the central dome, that was once carried by the four columns at the corners. The columns in the courtyard reveals the monograms of Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora. Constructed in the 5th century AD, the baptistery is north of the nave, with its key hole shape. Rampart walls around the church were constructed for protection from the Arabian attracts in the 7th - 8th centuries AD. The impressive 10th century AD frescoes representing St John, Jesus and a Saint, ornament the chapel. With the invasion of Turks, the chapel was used as a mosque in the 14th century; unfortunately Basilica of Saint John  became unusable due to the serious earthquake in the same century.

   The excavations around the Basilica of Saint John has been continuing under the supervision of Ekrem Akurgal since 1973, with the financial supports of George B. Quatman.

   How to Go ?… The Basilica is 18 km north of Kusadasi- in the entrance of Selcuk. It is located on the left side of the city entrance and can be reached by Kusadasi - Selcuk minibuses departing every 15 min. from Kusadasi.

Kusadasi Guide